Research Publications (since 2000)

(current as of October, 2012)


Bennington, C. C., N. Fetcher, M. C. Vavrek, G. R. Shaver, K. Cummings, and J. B. McGraw.  2012.  Home site advantage in two long-lived plant species:  Results from two 30-year reciprocal transplant studies.  Journal of Ecology 100: 841-851.

•Souther, S., M. J. Lechowicz, and J. B. McGraw.  2012.  Experimental test for adaptive differentiation of ginseng populations reveals complex response to temperature.  Annals of Botany 110: 829-837.

•Peterson, C., J. B. McGraw, N. Fetcher, C. C. Bennington.  2012.  Clinal variation in stomatal characteristics of an Arctic sedge, Eriophorum vaginatum.  American Journal of Botany 99(9): 1 - 10.


•Souther, S. and J. B. McGraw.  2011. Vulnerability of wild American ginseng to an extreme early spring temperature fluctuation.  Population Ecology 53(1): 119-129 .

Souther, S. and J. B. McGraw.  2011. Local adaptation to temperature and its implications for species conservation in a changing climate.  Conservation Biology 25(5): 922-931.


•McGraw, J. B., S. Souther, and A. E. Lubbers.  2010. Rates of harvest and compliance with regulations in natural populations of American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.).  Natural Areas Journal 30: 202-210.

•Wixted, K. and J. B. McGraw.  2010.  Competitive and allelopathic effects of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) on American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius).  Plant Ecology 208:347–357.


•Wixted, K.  and J. B. McGraw. 2009.  A Panax-centric view of invasive species.  Biological Invasions 11(4): 883-893.

•Landenberger, R. E., T. A. Warner, and J. B. McGraw.  2009.  Spatial patterns of female Ailanthus altissima across an urban-to-rural land use gradient.  Urban Ecosystems 12(4): 437-448.

•Mooney, E. H. and J. B. McGraw.  2009. Relationship between age, size and reproduction in populations of American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius (Araliaceae), across a range of harvest pressures.  Ecoscience 16(1): 84-94.


•Kaproth, M. and J. B. McGraw.  2008. Seed dispersal and seed viability of the wind-dispersed invasive Ailanthus altissima in aqueous environments.  Forest Science 54(5): 490-496.


•Mooney, E. H. and J. B. McGraw.  2007.  Effects of self-pollination and outcrossing with cultivated plants in small natural populations of American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius (Araliaceae).  American Journal of Botany 94:1677-1687.

•Landenberger, R. L., N. L. Kota and J. B. McGraw.  2007.  Seed dispersal of the non-native invasive tree Ailanthus altissima into contrasting environments.  Plant Ecology (in press).

•Kota, N., R. E. Landenberger and J. B. McGraw. 2007.  Germination and early growth of Ailanthus and tulip poplar in three levels of forest disturbance.  Biological Invasions 8: 197-211.

•Mooney, E. H. and J. B. McGraw.  2007.  Unintentional effects of harvest on selection in wild American ginseng.  Conservation Genetics 8: 57-67.


•Van der Voort, M. E. and J. B. McGraw.  2006.  Effects of harvester behavior on population growth rate affects sustainability of ginseng trade.  Biological Conservation  130: 505-516.

•Warner, T. A., J. B. McGraw, and R. Landenberger.  2006.  Segmentation and classification of high resolution imagery for mapping individual species in a closed canopy, deciduous forest.  Science in China: Series E Technological Sciences 49 (Supp. 1) 128-139.

•McGraw, J. B.  2006.  Threats to wild ginseng.  Invited article in HerbalGram 70: 55. [Unavailable in pdf form]


•Lamar, W. R. and J. B. McGraw. 2005. A comparison of matrix population models for eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis L.) derived from ground and remotely sensed data. Forest Ecology and Management 212: 50-64.

•McGraw, J. B., M. A. Furedi, K. Maiers, C. Carroll, G. Kauffman, A. Lubbers, J. Wolf, R. Anderson, R. Anderson, B. Wilcox, D. Drees, M. E. Van der Voort, M. Albrecht, A. Nault, H. MacCulloch, and A. Gibbs. 2005. Berry ripening and harvest season in wild American ginseng. Northeastern Naturalist 12(2): 141-152.

•McGraw, J. B. and M. A. Furedi. 2005. Deer browsing and population viability of a forest understory plant. Science 307: 920-922.

Sanders, S. and J. B. McGraw. 2005. Harvest recovery of goldenseal, Hydrastis canadensisL. American Midland Naturalist 153(1): 94-101.

Lamar, W. R., J. B. McGraw, and T. A. Warner. 2005. Multi-temporal censusing of a population of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) from remotely sensed imagery using an automated segmentation and reconciliation procedure. Remote Sensing of Environment 94: 133-143.


•Landenberger, R. E. and J. B. McGraw. 2004. Seed bank characteristics in mixed-mesophytic forest clearcuts and edges: Does edge effect extend to the seed bank? Canadian Journal of Botany 82(7)

Furedi, M. A. and J. B. McGraw. 2004. White-tailed deer: Dispersers or predators of American ginseng seeds? American Midland Naturalist 152:268-276.


•Van der Voort, M. E., B. Bailey, D. E. Samuel, and J. B. McGraw. 2003. Recovery of populations of goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis L.) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) following harvest. American Midland Naturalist 149:282-292.

•Warner, T. A., M. D. Nellis, T. Brandtberg, and J. B. McGraw. 2003. The potential of virtual reality technology for analysis of remotely sensed data: A lidar case study. Geocarto 18(1): 25 – 32.

McGraw, J. B., S. M. Sanders, and M. E. Van der Voort. 2003. Distribution and Abundance of Hydrastis canadensis L. (Ranunculaceae) and Panax quinquefolius L. (Araliaceae) in the Central Appalachian Region. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 130(2): 62-69.

•Brandtberg, T., T. A. Warner, R. E. Landenberger, and J. B. McGraw. 2003. Detection and analysis of individual leaf-off tree crowns in small footprint, high sampling density LIDAR data from the eastern deciduous forest of North America. Remote Sensing of Environment 84: 290 - 303.

•Brandtberg, T., J. B. McGraw, T. A. Warner, and R. E. Landenberger. 2003. Image restoration based on multi-scale relationships of image structures. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41(1): 102-110.

•Landenberger, R. E., T. Brandtberg, T. A. Warner, and J. B. McGraw. 2003. Potential of digital color imagery for censusing Haleakala silverswords in Hawaii. ASPRS Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 69(8):915-923.


•Sanders, S. and J. B. McGraw. 2002. Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis L) distribution, abundance, and population dynamics in an Indiana Nature Preserve. Natural Areas Journal 22(2):129-134. [Unavailable in pdf form]


•Key, T. L., Jr., T. A. Warner, J. B. McGraw and M. A. Fajvan. 2001. A comparison of multispectral and multitemporal information in high spatial resolution imagery for classification of individual tree species in a temperate hardwood forest. Remote Sensing of Environment 75: 100 - 112.

Hackney, E. and J. B. McGraw. 2001. Experimental demonstration of an Allee effect in American ginseng. Conservation Biology 15(1): 129 - 136.

•McGraw, J. B. 2001. Evidence for decline in stature of American ginseng plants from herbarium specimens. Biological Conservation 98: 25- 32.


•Landenberger, R.E., J. B. McGraw, C. Dean, and T.A. Warner, 2000. Time, space and color in aerial remote sensing of forest canopy species. Journal of Forestry, Focus 98 (6): 1-2.

•Nellis, M. Duane, T. A. Warner, J. S. Kite, F. Wang, R. E. Landenberger, and J. B. McGraw. 2000. The Chestnut Ridge Anticline: The first major ridge of the Appalachian mountains. Geocarto International 15(4): 1-5.

•Dean, C., T. A. Warner, and J. B. McGraw. 2000. Suitability of aerial imagery from a DCS460c colour digital camera for scientific analysis of vegetation cover and texturally similar targets. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 55(2): 105-118.

•Dean, C., T. Warner, J. B. McGraw and R. E. Landenberger, 2000. Processing and object detection in aerial colour digital imagery of a forest canopy, with a view to determining species composition. Aspects of Applied Biology 60, 2000, pp 29-36

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