The Valley of the Loire... and the Lion

You may know this already, but the Bourbon line of French royalty fell into Protestantism during the Renaissance.  Their greatest prince was Henri de Navarre, and he converted to the Catholicism in order to be crowned king.  In 1598 he signed the Edict of Nantes, the world's first effective declaration of religious "freedom" (many severe restrictions on Protestants remained, but at least they were no longer simple outlaws).   Navarre's sign in battle was the "panache blanc" -- the white plume.  In these paintings the bad guys were this sign because all is very catholic in these walls -- even among Navarre's own descendents.



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This page last updated on 2005-06-20 5:02:07 PM.