Carrying Coal to Newcastle...

These mines were first worked by the peasants of Vendée, but soon workers from some 16 countries would be here beside them.  By far the greatest number came from Poland.  In all cases, they shared the common language of music.  The melodies and harmonies they produced kept them alive despite many hardships that might have dampened any other spirit.  The music we saw earlier may well be the tie that binds the medieval monastery to the modern coal mine.



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This page last updated on 2005-06-14 11:45:12 AM.