There are many historic sites on the Isle of Yeu, but none more famous than
the "Citadelle". This is the "new" fortress built by Napoleon in
the earliest 1800's. In the 20th century it was converted into a prison
for some of France's most infamous criminals. Not quite Devil's Island,
but almost. By far the most famous criminal sent here was a man who was
also one of France's greatest heroes. It is almost impossible to imagine
the number of French and German soldiers and citizens who died in World War I.
Even we in America remember this fight although we lost only a small fraction
of those who died in France and Germany. As we've seen earlier at
Clemenceau's home, France was the ultimate victor, but Clemenceau "the Father
of Victory" depended on soldiers like Philippe Pétain, the hero of Verdun and
many other battles from 1914 to 1918.