When the Roman Empire fell, this part of western Europe fell quickly back to
its pagan traditions. In the late 600's however, a great man came here
to change this place's history. His name was Philbert and he came from
one of the great monasteries of what we now call Normandy (he came well before
that name was given). His mission was to Christianize this pagan island.
He did so by founding a very successful Benedictine monastery. Since his
monks wore black, unlike those in a nearby Cistercian cloister, this was known
as the "Black Monastery" or in plain old French "Noir Moutier".